Prevention of stressful conditions

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Prevention of stressful conditions is a systemic effect on the emotional, motivational, volitional, behavioral components of the personality, on reducing the negative effects of external stress factors, the purpose of which is to prevent stressful conditions and form a high quality of life.

In accordance with the classification proposed by the World Health Organization, there are primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of stressful conditions in humans.

In primary prevention, measures are taken to reduce or remove stress factors, often associated with external conditions. Primary prevention is a complex of social, medical and psychological measures aimed at strengthening protective factors and reducing the impact of stress on a person. Traditionally, it is believed that primary prevention is massive in nature, is aimed at maintaining psychological stability and is implemented in work with conditionally healthy people.

For example, the organization of the workplace for an employee or student, changes in living conditions, study or work, the introduction of health-saving technologies, care for constructive styles of interaction, etc. – these are all criteria for primary prevention.

Secondary stress prevention means a system of measures aimed at changing an already existing stress state with an emphasis on the development of a person’s personal resources. The goal of secondary prevention is to prevent the transition of a stress state into a chronic form, change non-constructive patterns of behavior to constructive ones, and prevent stress disorders.

In this case, various teaching methods are used to overcome stressful conditions. This can be trainings, role-playing games, simulation experiments, anti-stress techniques, etc., that allow people to effectively cope with a stressful state.

Tertiary stress prevention is most often aimed at serious psychotherapy and rehabilitation of people in a chronic stress state.

Tertiary prevention is a system of measures aimed at reducing the risk of recurrence of stress disorders, post-traumatic stress conditions and associated behavioral disorders and at activating personal resources that contribute to adaptation to new environmental conditions and the formation of effective coping strategies of behavior.

The purpose of such prevention is to restore a person’s personal, professional and social status.

Stress symptoms

Among the most popular reactions of the body to stress are:

  • Unreasonable and frequent bouts of irritability, anger, discontent with the people around the person, the situation, the world;
  • lethargy, weakness, depression, passive attitude and unwillingness to communicate with people, even with family and friends, fatigue, unwillingness to do anything;
  • insomnia, restless sleep;
  • inability to relax, constant tension of the nervous system, physical body;
  • attacks of fear, panic;

-poor concentration of attention, lethargy, difficulty in understanding ordinary things, decreased intellectual capabilities, memory problems, stuttering;

  • distrust of yourself and those around you, fussiness;
  • frequent desire to cry and sobbing, longing, self-pity;
  • lack of desire to eat food, or vice versa, excessive desire to eat;
  • nervous tic, non-specific for the patient desire to bite his nails, bite his lips;
  • increased sweating, increased excitability, digestive system disorders (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting), itching, headache, dizziness, heart palpitations, chest discomfort, breathing problems, feelings of suffocation, a sharp increase in body temperature, chills, numbness or tingling in the limbs;
  • an increased interest in alcohol, drugs, smoking, computer games and other things that a person was not particularly interested in before.

Stress phases

The development of stress occurs in three phases:

-Mobilization. The body reacts to the stressor with anxiety and mobilizes its defenses and resources to resist the stressor.

  • Confrontation. The body resists a stressful situation, a person is actively looking for a way out of it.

-Exhaustion. With a long duration of exposure to a stress factor, the body begins to deplete and becomes vulnerable to secondary threats (various diseases).

Principles of stress management

Stress treatment includes the following points: removal of the stressor (stress factor); physiological procedures; taking sedatives (sedatives); psychological correction.

Stress prevention

To minimize the development of stress, you should pay attention to the following recommendations:

-to live an active lifestyle;

  • eat food fortified with vitamins;
  • try to find a job to your liking;
  • get enough sleep;
  • give up alcoholic beverages, do not use drugs;
  • spend more time outdoors, relax in nature;
  • limit yourself to the use of caffeine (coffee, strong black tea);
  • do not watch or listen to things that cause trouble (movies, music, news);
  • to keep track of your child – what he reads and watches, to restrict him from information of a violent, otherworldly and occult nature;
  • share your experiences with friends or relatives you trust;

It is important to remember: if you have a feeling that it is impossible to overcome stressful situations, you should seek advice from a specialist psychologist, or a neurologist or psychotherapist.